According to UN : NPR, there are 8 billion people living on the planet for the first time

According to UN : NPR, there are 8 billion people living on the planet for the first time


A field in Utting am Ammersee, Germany, is planted to display a dove of peace based on an artwork by Pablo Picasso and a world map.

Christof Stache/AFP via Getty Images


Hide caption

toggle caption

Christof Stache/AFP via Getty Images


A field in Utting am Ammersee, Germany, is planted to display a dove of peace based on an artwork by Pablo Picasso and a world map.

Christof Stache/AFP via Getty Images

People around the world are living longer and having fewer children. These are just some of the trends that the United Nations described in a report on world population.

While average life expectancy is projected to increase from 72.98 in 2019 to 77.2 in 2050, the growth rate will continue to slow globally, according to the report released on Tuesday.

The world reached 7 billion people in 2011 and the UN predicts it will not reach 9 billion in the next 15 years.

Though the milestone is noteworthy, the precise size of the world’s population is less critical than the dynamics of where people live, work and move, says Jack Goldstone, a professor of public policy at George Mason University.

“I think what’s important about 8 billion is that they get connected, and so we have to get used to the idea that what’s happening in other places is directly affecting the quality of our lives here,” Goldstone told NPR morning edition.

This slowing population growth can be explained by a number of factors, including more readily available birth control and better education. Some countries have such low birth rates that the UN predicts they will not be able to maintain their population.

Life expectancy in the least developed countries lagged behind that of the most developed countries by seven years last year. The United Nations warns that countries with older populations need to develop better systems to care for their elderly, including social security and universally available health care.

Goldstone says that despite finite resources and climate change, the world could still get by with a population of 9 or even 10 billion as long as it pays attention to “what people are doing, how they live, and which specific areas or groups are growing fastest.” ”

The report also predicts a reorganization of the most populous countries. China will be overtaken by India as the most populous country in 2023 and remain so through 2050, the report predicts. The United States is surpassed by Nigeria as the third most populous country in the same period.

According to the report, migration, and particularly international migration, is an important factor in population change. All countries – whether with “inflows or outflows” of migrants – should do everything in their power to bring order and stability to these changes, the authors say.

UN Secretary-General António Guterres warned in an opinion piece in USA Today that inequalities in the world’s population will continue to pose a threat to the overall stability and longevity of the world’s population.

“Fissures are causing delays and deadlocks on issues ranging from nuclear disarmament to terrorism to global health,” Guterres wrote. “But I never bet against human ingenuity, and I have great faith in human solidarity.”

Guterres welcomed advances in science and public health around the world, but warned that the “human family” risks grave dangers if divided further.

There will be more famines unless climate change is slowed, says Goldstone, adding that the big priority should be helping countries facing energy growth — and those that are now big burners — at one to get to a cleaner fuel path.

“The sooner we can jump into that clean, lower-cost future, the better for the world,” he adds.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *